Answered By: Rebecca Hedreen
Last Updated: Apr 06, 2015     Views: 39

The most common format for books in a reference list are:

Author, A. A. (Year). Book title. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Author, A. A. (Year). Book title. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx...

Author, A. A. (Year). Book title. doi:0000xxxxx

Editor, A. A. (Ed.) (Year). Book title. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Note on capitalizing: Capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle, and proper nouns.

Note on italicizing: Italicize only the book title and subtitle.


Entire Book, Print:

Wills, G. (1994). Certain trumpets: The call of leaders. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Smith, S., Ladd, R. E., & Pasquerella, L. (2008). Ethical issues in home health care.

       Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Langley, W. E., & Fox, V. C. (Eds.). (1998). Women's history in the United States: A documentary

       history. Westport, CT: Praeger.


When there are eight or more authors, list the first 6 as above, insert three elipses (...), and the last author.

Jones, R., Fields, S. A., Lawrence, O., Florin, A., Herbst, K. D., Sillick, N. S., …Lloyd, B. (2009).

      Optimizing personal influence. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


If no auther is identified, start the citation with the article, chapter, or book title.

Concise human body book: An illustrated guide to its structure, function, and disorders. (2009).

       London, UK: Dorling Kendersley.


Entire Book, Electronic:

If the book was found online and no digital object identifier is available, include the URL from which it was retrieved.

Dunlop, S. (2008). Dictionary of weather. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from: http://0-

If the book has been assigned a digital object identifier (DOI), use it instead of URL.

Graham-Cumming, J. (2009). The Geek Atlas. Farnham, England: O'Reilly.



Reference Book, Print:

Hinchey. P. A. (2001). Student rights: A reference handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc.


Multivolume Book, Print:

Phelps, S. (Ed.). (2002). World of criminal justice (Vols. 1-2). Detroit, MI: Gale Group.


Reference Book, Electronic:

Cuff, D. J. (2009).  Carbon footprint. In  D. J. Cuff & A. Goudie (Eds.) The Oxford

       Companion to Global Change. Oxford University Press, 2009. Oxford Reference

       Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from

With DOI:

Swinnen, J. F. M., & Rozelle, S. (2006). From Marx and Mao to the market: The economics and

       politics of agricultural transition. doi:10.1093/0199288917.001.0001


Treat electronic books like their print counterparts, but include the format type or verion after the title. Chelsea Lee gives the following examples on the APA Style Blog:

Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from

Brill, P. (2004). The winner's way [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/007142363X


For more information on APA citation style see the APA Citation Guide.